KOYO 식품상식

  서양야채
  콜리플라워
  

1. 콜리플라워는 쌍떡잎식물 양귀비목 겨자과의 한두해살이풀.꽃양배추라고도 하고, 지중해 연안이 원산지이다. 잎은 잿빛을 띤 녹색이며 꽃방석처럼 퍼져 있고 양배추보다 길다. 꽃봉오리 주위의 잎은 바깥 잎과는 달리 결구하듯이 안쪽으로 구부러진다.꽃은4월에 보라색이나 흰색에서 노란 색으로 변하고 비대한 꽃자루에 두툼한 꽃들이 빽빽이 무리 지어 달려 하나의 덩어리를 이룬다. 이 노란 색의 꽃봉오리를 식용하는데, 끝 부분이 단단하고 즙이 많을 때 먹는다. 지중해 연안에서 야생하는 크레티카양배추(B. cretica)로부터 변이된 것이고, 현재와 같은 품종은 16세기부터 영국, 프랑스, 이탈리아에서 재배하기 시작했다. 한국에는 1926년에서 1930년 사이에 도입됐으며, 1970년대 말부터 본격적으로 재배하기 시작했다. 파종기를 조절하여 계절과 상관없이 년중 수확할 수 있다. 비슷한 종류로 꽃봉오리의 덩어리가 작고 여러 개인 것을 브로콜(broccoli)라고 하는데, 양배추보다 연하고 소화가 잘 되므로 온대 지방에서 중요한 채소로 쓰인다.
2002-06-21 20:24:43


   

관리자로그인~~ 전체 390개 - 현재 3/4 쪽
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