KOYO 식품상식

  근채소
  우엉
  

1. 우엉은 쌍떡잎식물 초롱꽃목 국화과의 두해살이풀이다. 높이 50∼150cm이다. 곧은뿌리가 30∼60cm 자라고 끝에서 줄기가 나온다. 뿌리에 달린 잎은 무더기로 나오고 잎자루가 길다. 줄기에서는 어긋나며 심장 모양이다. 겉면은 짙은 녹색이지만 뒷면에 흰 솜털이 빽빽이 나며, 가장자리에 이 모양의 톱니가 있다. 꽃은 7∼8월에 피는데 검은 자줏빛이 돌며, 두화는 가지 끝에 산방꽃차례로 달린다. 총포는 둥글고 포는 바늘 모양이며 끝이 갈고리처럼 생긴다. 꽃은 관상화이고 종자는 검은 색이며 관모는 갈색이다. 열매는 수과로서 9월에 익는다. 강건하여 병이 거의 없고 추위에도 매우 강하며 토질을 별로 가리지 않는다. 번식은 종자나 포기나누기로 한다. 유럽 원산의 귀화식물이다. 품종으로는 뿌리가 길고 굵은 농야천과 육질이 좋고 뿌리가 짧은 사천 등이 있다. 조리법은 장아찌를 만들거나 조림을 하여 반찬으로 먹는다. 뿌리에는 이눌린과 약간의 팔미트산이 들어 있다.유럽에서는 이뇨제와 발한제로 쓰고 종자는 부기가 있을 때 이뇨제로 사용하며, 인후통과 독충(毒蟲)의 해독제로 쓴다. 일본에서 많이 재배하며 유럽, 시베리아, 중국 동북부에 야생한다.
2002-06-21 20:25:13


   

관리자로그인~~ 전체 390개 - 현재 3/4 쪽
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