KOYO 식품상식

  서양야채
  셀러리
  

1. 셀러리는 쌍떡잎식물 산형화목 미나리과의 한해살이 또는 두해살이풀이다. 남유럽 스웨덴이 원산지이다. 본래 야생 셀러리는 쓴맛이 강하여 17세기 이후에 이탈리아 사람들에 의해 품종이 개량하여 현재에 이르고 있다. 셀러리는 밭에서 재배한다. 높이 60∼90 cm이다. 잎과 줄기가 녹색이고 털이 없으며 능선이 있다. 뿌리 잎은 잎자루가 길고 달걀모양 또는 긴 타원형이며 위에서 몇 개로 갈라진다. 줄기잎은 어긋나고 밑부분이 잎집으로 되며 윗부분은 깃 모양으로 갈라진다. 꽃은 6∼9월에 피고 백색이며 산형꽃차례[揀形花序]에 달리고,열매는 편평한 원형이다.전체에 향기가 있으므로 연한 잎과 줄기를 식용하며 서양요리에서 없어서는 안 될 중요한 재료이다. 따라서 잎자루를 흙 또는 종이로 가려서 연하게 한 다음 식용으로 한다. 셀러리는 서늘한 기후를 좋아하며 23∼24℃ 이상이 되면 성장이 나빠진다. 품종은 잎색이 짙은 녹색종, 잎색이 엷은 황색종, 중간종이 있는데 키우기 쉬운 것은 녹색종이다. 셀러리(var. ripaceum)은 뿌리가 무처럼 굵어지며 독일·프랑스에서 많이 재배하고 채소로서 생식 또는 삶아서 먹는다.
2002-06-21 20:26:14


   

관리자로그인~~ 전체 390개 - 현재 3/4 쪽
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