KOYO 식품상식

  조개
  맛조개
  

1. 연체동물 이치목(異齒目) 죽합과의 부족류(斧足類)이다. 껍데기의 길이 120 mm, 높이 16 mm, 너비 12 mm에 달하는 가늘고 긴 원통형의 조개이다. 껍데기는 얇고 앞가두리는 비스듬하게, 뒷가두리는 수직으로 자른 모양이며 껍데기 표면은 평활하고 백색 또는 황록색의 껍질로 덮여 있다. 배가두리는 성숙함에 따라 약간 굽는다. 근연종인 큰죽합(S. gordonis)은 껍데기 길이가 짧고 담홍색 바탕에 구름 모양의 반문이 있다. 모래펄에 타원형의 구멍을 파고 산다. 이 구멍에 소금이나 요소(尿素) 등을 집어 넣으면 그 자극에 의하여 반사적으로 구멍 입구로 올라와 껍데기를 돌출시킨다. 이 습성을 이용하여 채집하거나 철사를 화살 모양으로 만들어 구멍 속을 찍어서 잡는다. 연체부는 부드럽고 맛이 좋아 식용하며 산 것은 낚시 미끼로 쓰인다. 4∼5월에 산란한다. 한국 ·일본 ·타이완 ·중국 북부 등의 내만에 분포한다.
2002-06-21 20:38:17


   

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